The Massachusetts Department of Transportation Board of Directors and MBTA Fiscal Management and Control Board voted on June 17 to approve the five-year $18.3 billion MassDOT and MBTA Capital Investment Plan (CIP) for Fiscal Years 2020-2024, an increase of approximately $1 billion over the last five-year CIP. The CIP includes all MassDOT road and bridge projects, public use airports, rail and transit, including the MBTA and Regional Transit Authorities as well as the Registry of Motor Vehicles.
The CIP includes investments that vary significantly in scale and in purpose—from small-scale maintenance projects to large-scale multimodal modernization projects. The CIP identifies and includes long-term investments and funding obligations to maintain, modernize, and expand the Commonwealth’s transportation system. The CIP is a rolling five-year plan that is updated annually.
“We are continuing to invest historic levels of funding into the MBTA and strengthen our roadway and bridge networks in order to provide a more reliable transportation system across Massachusetts,” said Governor Charlie Baker. “This latest update to the MassDOT and MBTA Capital Investment Plan includes projects that will serve residents throughout the Commonwealth including delivering South Coast Rail and supporting the ongoing transformation of the Red and Orange Lines.”
“Over the next five years, our Administration will continue carrying out capital projects that improve transportation infrastructure throughout local communities,” said Lieutenant Governor Karyn Polito. “The Capital Investment Plan is a thoughtful roadmap that reflects our focus on investments that increase safety and resiliency in the Commonwealth’s statewide, multimodal transportation system.”
Approximately 45 percent of the $18.3 billion in total investments (both MassDOT and MBTA) identified for the next five years will be focused on the reliability and resiliency of the core transportation system. Another 28 percent is devoted to modernizing the system in order to better accommodate current or anticipated growth and respond to new needs, such as increased accessibility and safety requirements that may not have existed when these assets were initially planned and constructed. 16 percent of investments will help expand diverse transportation options for communities throughout the commonwealth.
“We are proud to continue investing in our roads, bridges, railways, airports, and multimodal pathways, and providing improved services for our customers,” said Transportation Secretary and CEO Stephanie Pollack. “We have appreciated the input of members of the public and stakeholders throughout the CIP process and we thank the MassDOT and MBTA staff members who have worked for months to create this comprehensive planning document.”
The Baker-Polito Administration has increased the total level of investment in the transportation system in recent years from $15.1 billion in the FY2017-2021 transportation plan to $17.3 billion in the FY2019-2023 plan and now $18.3 billion in this FY2020-2024 plan. The priorities for the plan are to continue improving the condition of roads and bridges, building capacity to support projects across the MassDOT and MBTA systems, and helping address the needs of municipally owned transportation assets.
Highlights of the Capital Investment Plan include:
- $1.58 billion for Red Line/Orange Line improvements. This program includes all investments related to replacing and expanding the Red Line and Orange Line fleets and upgrading the facilities and infrastructure needed to support the new vehicles. When fully implemented, these investments are expected to allow three minute headways on the Red Line and four and a half minute headways on the Orange Line. The total cost of these improvements is $2.8 billion. Investments in this CIP include:
- $753.7 million for 252 new Red and 152 new Orange Line vehicles, a complete replacement of both fleets
- $591.5 million for maintenance facilities and infrastructure to accommodate the new vehicles
- $253 million to upgrade all signals to a modern digital system, which will allow for increased reliability and more frequent service
- $875 million for additional capital investments in the Red Line. This includes funding for the following major projects:
- $114.9 million for rehabilitating Longfellow Approach, including $109.5 million of new funding in this year’s CIP. This project will rehabilitate the viaduct carrying the Red Line from the Beacon Hill portal to Charles/MGH station, the platforms at Charles/MGH station, and the first span of the Longfellow Bridge
- $118 million in new funding for the Mattapan High Speed Line Transformation, for initial investments for bridges, stations, track, and other infrastructure to modernize the Mattapan Line
- $640.6 million for other improvements to the Red Line, including bridges, track, signals, stations, accessibility improvements, and wayfinding
- $1.36 billion for the Green Line Extension Project. This project consists of constructing a 4.7-mile light rail line, which will extend the current Green Line service from a relocated Lechmere Station in East Cambridge, Massachusetts, to a terminus at College Avenue in Medford, Massachusetts and a spur to Union Square in Somerville, Massachusetts. The total cost of this project is $2.3 billion and is funded with federal and state support of $1.99 billion along with pledged contributions for the project totaling approximately $296 million from the cities of Cambridge and Somerville ($75 million), the Boston MPO ($157 million) and MassDOT ($64.3 million through Special Obligation Bonds). Investments in this CIP include:
- $1.1 billion for tracks, railroad bridges, signals, stations, and other infrastructure work
- $86.7 million for 24 accessible vehicles to address new demand from the Green Line Extension
- $29.4 million for mitigation including buses
- $1 billion for the South Coast Rail Project. This project will provide rail service to accommodate the existing and future demand for public transportation between Fall River/New Bedford and Boston, enhance regional mobility and support smart growth planning and development strategies in Southeastern Massachusetts. The 2020–2024 CIP includes full funding for Phase 1 construction and service via the Middleborough route. The scope of work includes:
- 1 miles of track and Right of Way upgrades
- 6 new Commuter Rail stations
- 2 new overnight layover facilities
- Reconstruction of 28 grade crossings, 14 bridges, and 63 culverts
- $913 million for the Green Line Transformation. This a portfolio of over 90 projects aimed at holistically revitalizing the Green Line. It unifies all existing projects and new initiatives to form a cohesive investment strategy and unified Green Line capital program. To meet the needs of today and the future, the MBTA is making significant investments to improve safety and reliability, modernize the system, increase capacity, enhance accessibility, and procure the next generation of Green Line trolleys. Investments in this CIP include:
- $296 million in track and signal improvements, including significant efforts on the D branch and within the Central Tunnel that will reduce delays and eliminate speed restrictions
- $214 million to begin procuring the Type 10 Green Line light rail vehicles, which will be fully accessible and larger than the existing fleet to address rider demand. This CIP includes the initial down payment for a complete fleet replacement estimated at over $1 billion
- $83 million for the Green Line Train Protection System
- $55 million for rehabilitation of the Lechmere Viaduct in order to accommodate the heavier Type 10 vehicles
- $538.6 million for the Commuter Rail Safety and Resiliency Program. This includes investments to improve the safety and resiliency of the Commuter Rail system, including the implementation of Positive Train Control (PTC) and Automatic Train Control (ATC). The total cost of this program including investments in past years is $930.8 million. The investments in this CIP include:
- $171.9 million to complete implementation of Positive Train Control across all Commuter Rail lines
- $313.8 million to upgrade signal systems to Automatic Train Control on the North Side Commuter Rail Lines
- $146.5 million for the Hopkinton-Westborough I-495/I-90 Interchange Improvement Project. This major project will improve safety and operational efficiency at the system interchange of these two nationally and regionally significant interstate highways. This project will increase safety for all movements within the project area and improve traffic conditions for the movement of people and goods. The total cost for this project including investments in future years is approximately $300 million. This project is currently in the design and environmental review phases
- Over $2.3 billion in funding for municipalities. The CIP includes several different programs that provide state and federal funds either through direct grants or reimbursements to cities and towns, and/or by leveraging private investment in support economic development. This includes:
- $1 billion for the Chapter 90 Program
- $1.2 billion in federal funds programed for municipal projects through the MPO process
- $56.2 million for the Municipal Small Bridge Program
- $50.2 million for the Mobility Assistance Program
- $40.5 million for the Complete Streets Funding Program
- $15 million for the Industrial Rail Access Program
Public feedback went into preparation of the final CIP: MassDOT held 13 public meetings in addition to briefings for stakeholders, and received 934 comments providing input on proposed plans.
In the coming weeks, the Baker-Polito Administration also plans to file a transportation bond bill, which will include authorization to support several items in the FY2020-2024 CIP, as well as future investments in the commonwealth’s transportation system.