FTA issues final rule on PTASP regulation, revises National Public Transportation Safety Plan

April 10, 2024
The major safety updates will make transit systems safer for transit workers and passengers across the U.S. while providing workers more input in safety-making decisions through enhanced safety committees.

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has issued a final rule updating its Public Transportation Agency Safety Plans (PTASP) regulation, along with a newly revised National Public Transportation Safety Plan. The major safety updates will make transit systems safer for transit workers and passengers across the U.S. while providing workers more input in safety-making decisions through enhanced safety committees. 

"Millions of Americans depend on safe, reliable public transportation every year and transit workers deserve to be safe when they’re delivering this essential service," said U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. "These improved safety measures will enhance the safety of public transportation by empowering transit agencies and workers to identify risks, find solutions to mitigate those risks and ensure the solutions are properly carried out."  

"The safe operation of public transit is FTA's top priority," said FTA Acting Administrator Veronica Vanterpool. "Today's updates to the National Safety Plan and PTASP regulation reflect our continued commitment, in cooperation with our state and industry partners, that every rider of public transit has a safe and reliable transportation experience." 

PTASP regulation update 

In the first major update to the PTASP regulation, FTA is increasing frontline transit worker involvement in safety, strengthening communication between frontline transit workers and transit agency management and requiring the industry to use data to identify and manage safety risk. 

The changes apply to more than 700 transit agencies across the U.S., including requirements for transit agencies serving areas with a population of 200,000 or more that largely coincide with the most significant increases in reported assaults on transit workers. 

Under the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), impacted transit agencies are required to establish safety committees with equal numbers of frontline transit worker and management representatives to address safety issues. The updated PTASP regulation includes specific requirements for safety committee membership, procedures and responsibilities to provide frontline workers more input into safety decision-making.  

FTA notes a safety committee can recommend safety improvement strategies based on the agency’s safety risk reduction program. If approved as part of the larger agency safety plan, transit agencies are required to implement the safety risk mitigations, including preventing assaults on transit workers and vehicle-pedestrian collisions. 

The new rule also requires safety performance targets be set by agencies. All applicable transit agencies are also required to incorporate de-escalation training for frontline transit workers and minimize exposure to infectious diseases, consistent with guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or a state health authority. 

The updated regulation also incorporates the IIJA requirement that transit agencies serving areas with a population of less than 200,000 develop their safety plans in cooperation with frontline transit worker representatives. 

National Safety Plan 

Reauthorized under the IIJA, the National Safety Plan creates a blueprint for transit agencies to adopt stronger safety practices, including mandatory performance measures for transit agencies subject to the PTASP regulation to address assaults on transit workers.  

The updated safety plan also includes best practices, tools, technical assistance, voluntary standards and other resources for transit agencies to improve their safety performance related to major events, collisions and injuries. The plan also incorporates IIJA provisions for risk-based approaches to reducing injuries and fatalities on transit systems. 

The updated plan supports FTA’s goal of making transportation systems safer for all, which supports the vision outlined in the National Roadway Safety Strategy. It also builds upon FTA's Bus-to-Person Collision Safety Advisory, which calls on transit agencies to assess this safety concern and consider strategies to reduce these types of collisions that accounted for 15 percent of all transit fatalities between 2008-2021, as reported to the National Transit Database. 

The updated National Safety Plan includes 22 performance measures, including eight measures for safety risk reduction programs. Joint labor-management safety committees will now use these measures to set risk reduction performance targets focused on reducing the number and rates of accidents, injuries and assaults on transit workers. 

FTA will continue to provide technical assistance to transit agencies regarding the PTASP regulation and National Safety Plan.