Uruguay officials tested BYD pure-electric buses and taxis to see how they performed compared to traditional diesel and gasoline units.
Photo credit: BYD Motors
The Uruguay Ministry of Industry Energy and Mining together with the Ministry of Transportation, The Government of Montevideo and Uruguay’s National Utility Company (UTE) released the testing results of the BYD zero-emissions, pure-electric, 12-meter, Rapid Transit eBus (K9) and BYD e6 5-passenger pure-electric eTaxi.
In attendance at the public announcements were the Ministers of Industry, Energy and Mining Roberto Kreimerman; Minister of Transportation Enrique Pintado; Mayor of Montevideo Ana Olivera; National Director of Energy Ramón Mendez; president of UTE Gonzalo Casaravilla; Mobility Director of Montevideo Nestor Campal; and several public transport operators, international finance organizations, and other national and local authorities.
UTE led the evaluation projects for the BYD electric Bus and eTaxi for the past four months under the “Uruguay Electric Mobility Committee” with the cooperation of local BYD partner, CTS Auto S.A.
“Electric vehicles reduce environmental pollution, city noise pollution and national fossil-fuel dependence. Considering that the transportation sector represents over 30 percent of the total energy consumed in the country, it is very important to domesticate this fuel spend.”
Casaravilla, president of UTE, introduced results in which the bus was tested for 1,279 kilometers (~800 miles) across 4 different Montevideo urban routes, at different times and with different speeds. According to the testing results, the average range of the bus was 252 km (~157 miles) per night-time charge and the average energy consumption was 1.26 kWh / km (for the 324 kWh battery pack).
The main conclusion offered by Casaravilla was that, “the BYD electric bus is ubiquitously functional operating in the Uruguay Metropolitan Transport Systems.”
Minister Kreimerman (of Industry and Energy) emphasized, “Electric vehicles reduce environmental pollution, city noise pollution and national fossil-fuel dependence. Considering that the transportation sector represents over 30 percent of the total energy consumed in the country, it is very important to domesticate this fuel spend.” He concluded that, “The electrified public transportation is in pivotal for the country’s energy policy and the transformation to renewable energies.”
Transportation Minister Pintado said, “We must adopt new technologies in public transport arena and provide better and sustainable services to our citizens.” The Mayor of Montevideo Olivera, also supported that “electrified public transport is a solution to avoid green house gases (GHG) and reduce air and noise pollution."
According to the presentation of the National Director of Energy, Mendéz, “Uruguay imports 100 percent of their fossil fuels and so the use of electric vehicles increases national energy independence and security considering that 90 percent of the electricity Uruguay could be produced from renewable sources.”
The economic study presented by one of the members of the committee, Gonzalo Marquez, showed that the life time total-cost of ownership (TCO) of an electric bus was 60 percent less than a standard diesel bus (considering initial purchase costs, energy re-fueling cost and the lowered maintenance cost of electric buses during operation). In the case of electric taxis analyzed, the life time total cost of ownership was estimated at 50 percent that of traditional gasoline taxis.